Assuming that a child has an intellectual disability can bring a lot of stress and bad times. Next, we will explain how this situation can be dealt with.
Mothers and fathers, when they are waiting for a baby to arrive, often create a series of expectations around its appearance, personality, qualities, and so on. But when the child is born with a disability, these thoughts collapse, and the new situation must be assimilated.
That’s why we prepared this article on how to deal with a child’s intellectual disability.
Home education is essential to achieve a good prognosis and maturational development of these children. It is important to treat them equally and take into account their limitations, but not overprotect them.
What does intellectual disability imply?
Currently, intellectual disability is understood as the existence of a level of development significantly lower than expected for the person’s chronological age in two areas:
In addition, these children are also usually characterized by presenting:
- Problems in the execution of gross and fine motor skills.
- Muscle hypotony .
- Difficulties in relating to the physical environment.
- Problems in establishing social and communicative interactions.
- Difficulties in developing your personal independence and autonomy.
How to deal with a child’s intellectual disability?
Recognizing that the child has an intellectual disability is sometimes tricky. There may even be a period of mourning.
Therefore, in these cases, it is essential to have the help of professionals specialized in the subject. This is beneficial for both the child and the parents, as they need the advice to come to terms with the reality they need to live.
In this sense, understanding the diagnosis is very important, so that professionals and associations must be contacted with the intention that they act as a source of support. So moms and dads can:
- Learn observation and intervention strategies.
- Acquire stimulation and creation skills.
- Develop skills for education and interpretation of child behaviors.
- Receive information about intellectual disabilities.
- Get in touch with other families who are in the same situation.
All this knowledge is necessary to make adequate progress in all aspects of the life of a child with intellectual disabilities. But beyond that, it is especially necessary that parents not be overprotective when dealing with their children. Nor should you underestimate the capabilities he has.
Likewise, it is important to seek counseling regarding aspects related to the couple’s relationship, as it can deteriorate due to constant conflicts and misunderstandings when raising the child, or because one of the couple’s parties feels overwhelmed by the situation.
In addition, it is necessary to know how to take care of the bonds established with other children and with the extended family (grandparents, uncles, cousins, etc.) so that everyone can understand the child and understand their behavior.
Intellectual Disability: A Different Path
Without a doubt, the birth of a child is a moment of change in anyone’s life, in which the path of motherhood or fatherhood begins.
However, if the baby has intellectual difficulty, this is perceived as an extraordinary and unexpected event. Thus, the path becomes a different path, in which it is necessary to learn to respond to this child’s specific needs.
Thus, mothers and fathers of children with intellectual disabilities need guidance to improve the quality of life for their children, themselves, and their families.
Certainly, this phrase should be engraved in the minds of all mothers and fathers of children with intellectual disabilities so that they trust and encourage their children’s qualities and abilities.