Today there are solar panel kits on the market, the installation of which is known to be possible for everyone. They are intended for solar self-consumption , that is to say the consumption on the spot of at least part of the electricity produced by this renewable energy source . Generally comprehensive guides accompany this type of product. But here are some aspects of the question that may be best to keep in mind before getting started.
Regulations: the particularities of the solar panel kit
First, from a regulatory point of view, note that your solar panel kit must necessarily be connected to the electrical network . You will therefore have to inject your surplus production into the network. But for free. Whereas if your photovoltaic panels are installed by a certified professional – who guarantees compliance with certain standards -, EDF buys back your surplus. However, in return, you will not pay the Tariff for the use of public electricity networks (Turpe). And you will save the amount of the intervention of an installer.
In fact, the state also does not provide any assistance for those who install their solar panel kit themselves. Self-consumption premiums are also reserved for installations installed by an RGE certified installer.
Furthermore, the installation requires at least the presence in the housing of a digital display meter . At best, a Linky smart meter . And you will have to sign with EDF, a self-consumption agreement. Knowing that the power of your installation will be limited to 3 kWp.
Also note that before you start installing a solar panel kit, you will need to make a prior declaration to your town hall. And if you live within the perimeter of a protected building, the Architects of the buildings of France could refuse you the installation.
Different types of solar panel kits
From a more technical view now know that a solar panel kit consists course of photovoltaic panels to capture light from the sun and transform it into electricity. It also includes the useful ancillary components, if any, for the installation: cables, power optimizers or an inverter that will allow you to convert the direct current generated into useful alternating current . And depending on the case, it may or may not also include a mounting structure that will help you place your kit, on the ground or on your roof .
For the less DIY, it is better to opt for a solar panel kit called plug and play . Once the solar panel is simply installed, simply plug it into an electrical outlet . But when it is without structure, its installation in the best places is difficult. To optimize production, it is therefore better to opt for a plug and play kit with structure. Its assembly requires little experience. And the structure it includes allows you to install the solar panels yourself on the ground or even on a roof.
The complete solar panel kits resemble those installed by professionals. Their installation requires some skills in both DIY and electricity. And studies already warn against disasters that can occur due to poorly controlled photovoltaic installations such as fire starts , for example. But accidents can occur from the installation phase: electrocution , injury, fall (working at height), etc.
It is therefore better, before launching, to be sure of the extent and above all, of the limits of his personal skills.0